Defining and clarifying the Problem
- Identify central issues or problems.
- Compare similarities and differences.
- Determine which information is relevant.
- Formulate appropriate questions.
Judging Information Related to the Problem
- Distinguish among fact, opinion, and reasoned judgment.
- Check consistency.
- Identify unstated assumptions.
- Recognize stereotypes and clichés.
- Recognize bias, emotional factors, propaganda, and semantic slanting.